MEXICO CITY (apro).- Deputies approved the initiative that modifies the General Law of Women’s Access to a Life Free of Violence and the Federal Civil and Federal Penal codes, to regulate violence against women through intermediary person or vicarious violence.
The ruling, which classifies vicarious violence as a crime and establishes penalties of up to five years in prison, was sent to the Executive for promulgation.
With these changes to the legislation, any action or omission that seeks to harm a female person is defined and classified as a crime, whether the perpetrator is directed against the victim’s children, family members or people close to the victim; has had a marriage or cohabitation relationship; or has maintained a de facto relationship with the person. The latter applies even if both do not cohabit at the same address.
In turn, this conduct functions as an aggravating factor to the penalty that would apply if the act of violence were not carried out by an intermediary.
What was approved contemplates several behaviors through which this violence against women is manifested with the involvement of their children, such as: threatening to cause harm to them; threaten to hide, retain, or remove descendants from their home or habitual place of residence; use them to obtain information regarding the mother; promote, incite or encourage acts of physical violence by them against their mother: and incite or encourage acts of psychological aggression that disqualify the maternal figure.
With this modification, it is established by law that, in matters of violence through an intermediary, the Mexican State must ensure the human rights of women and their children, whether they are inside or outside the country, relying on former Mexican Foreign Service.
States will have the obligation to classify this crime locally, and it will be a cause for divorce, loss of parental authority and restriction on visitation, as well as an impediment to the custody and custody of girls, boys and adolescents.
This initiative also redefines the figure of family violence as an abusive act of power or intentional omission aimed at dominating, subduing, controlling or physically, verbally, psycho-emotionally, patrimonially, economically or sexually attacking any member of the family inside or outside the home. family, regardless of whether or not it may cause injuries, as well as non-compliance with food obligations by the person obliged to comply with them.
The new legislation establishes penalties from eight months to five years in prison, in addition to being grounds for divorce, loss of parental authority and suspension of visits and cohabitation.
The Morena deputy and president of the Gender Equality Commission, Julieta Vences, stated about this approval: “It is the result of long work in which hundreds of brave women joined and raised the voice of no more victim of violence.” .
For her part, María Teresa Rosaura Ochoa Mejía, from the Citizen Movement bench, stated that for women, violence is not the route to resolve couples’ conflicts; and family violence is a serious violation of female human rights because it generates damage that is sometimes impossible to repair; Therefore, it is important to legislate on this practice that is not found in current legislation.
“Our legislation recognizes different types of violence against women, however, we must refer to the existence of a type of violence that until now is not found in the legal framework,” he noted.