A new heat wave, the third in Mexican territory, will strike this week and despite strong rains generated by the interaction of a dry line the entry of moisture from the Pacific Ocean and Gulf of Mexico and low pressure channels, temperatures are expected above 45 degrees in most of the country, this according to the forecast of the National Metereological Service of the National Water Commission (Conagua).
For this Monday, a dry line will be located over northern Mexico, it will interact with a low pressure channel that will extend over the North Table and Central Table and with the ingress of moisture from the Pacific Ocean and Gulf of Mexico.
A second low pressure channel over the Yucatan Peninsula will cause very heavy rains in Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Chiapas, heavy rains in San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo, Mexico City, State of Mexico, Morelos, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Yucatán, in addition to isolated rains with showers in entities in the north, west, south and southeast of Mexico, including areas of the Yucatan Peninsula.
Also, the hot to very hot environment will continue on entities of the coast of the Mexican Pacific, the east and southeast of the national territory, as well as in the Yucatan Peninsulawith temperatures above 40 °C in areas of Jalisco, Michoacán, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatán and Quintana Roo.
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From Tuesday to Thursday, a dry line will be established over the north of the Mexican republic, a low pressure channel will extend over the Mesa del Norte and the Mesa Central, while a low pressure will be located on the Yucatan Peninsula.
These systems, coupled with the subtropical jet stream, divergence in height, and the ingress of moisture froml Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, will propitiate showers and heavy to very heavy rain accompanied by electric shocks and possible hail fall on entities in the northeast, east, center, south, and southeast of the country, including the Valley of Mexico and the Yucatan Peninsulaforecasting during Tuesday and Wednesday intense punctual rains in Chiapas, Yucatan and Quintana Roo. In turn, strong gusts of wind are expected in the northwest, north and northeast of Mexico.
As of Thursday, the start of a new heat wave which will prevail over most of the National territorydue to an anticyclonic circulation in average levels of the atmosphere that will be established over the Mexican Republic, generating temperatures above 45 degrees.
Rain forecast in the Mexican territory
Heavy rains with very strong points (50 to 75 mm): Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas and Chiapas.
Intervals of showers with heavy punctual rains (25 to 50 mm): San Luis Potosí, Mexico City, State of Mexico, Morelos, Hidalgo, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Yucatán.
Intervals of showers (5 to 25 mm): Coahuila, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Guerrero, Michoacán, Campeche and Quintana Roo.
Isolated rains (0.1 to 5 mm): Chihuahua, Durango, Jalisco, Colima and Tabasco.
Minimum and maximum temperatures for the Mexican Republic
Maximum temperatures of 40 to 45 °C or higher: Jalisco, Michoacán, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatán and Quintana Roo.
Maximum temperatures from 35 to 40 °C: Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Colima, Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosí.
Maximum temperatures from 30 to 35 °C: Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Zacatecas, Durango, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Puebla (southwest), State of Mexico (southwest) and Morelos.
Minimum temperatures from 0 to 5 °C: mountainous areas from Baja California, Chihuahua, Durango and the State of Mexico.
Wind forecast for the Mexican territory
Wind with gusts of 40 to 60 km/h and possible dust storms: Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas, Durango, Aguascalientes, Jalisco and Guanajuato.
What to do in a heat wave?
before a heat wave, it is important to take precautions to stay safe and protect your health. Here are some recommendations on what to do:
Keep hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day, even if you are not thirsty. Avoid alcoholic or caffeinated beverages, as they can increase dehydration.
Stay in cool places: Look for places with air conditioning, such as malls, libraries, movie theaters, or any other space with air conditioning. If you don’t have access to a cool place, try to spend at least a few hours a day in a cooler environment, such as the shade of a tree in a park.
Avoid sun exposure: If you must go outside, try to do it in the early morning or late afternoon, when temperatures are cooler. Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing, and bring a hat and sunglasses with you to protect yourself from the sun.
Reduce physical activity: During a heat wave, decrease the intensity of your physical activities and avoid exercising outdoors during the hottest hours of the day. If possible, look for indoor exercise options with air conditioning.
Use cooling methods: Take cool showers or baths, use wet washcloths or cold compresses on the skin, and use fans or air conditioning to keep your home cool. If you don’t have access to an air conditioner, you can place bowls of cold water or ice cubes in front of the fan to create a cooler breeze.
Pay attention to risk groups: The elderly, young children, pregnant women, and those with pre-existing health conditions are more susceptible to the negative effects of heat. Make sure they are protected and take the proper precautions.
Keep in touch with others: Regularly check on family, friends and neighbors, especially those who may be most at risk during a heat wave. Ask for help or assistance if you need it and help others if possible.
Recognize the symptoms of heat exhaustion: Watch for signs of heat exhaustion, which can include dizziness, weakness, headache, nausea, muscle cramps, and pale, clammy skin. If you experience any of these symptoms, move to a cool place, drink water, and seek medical attention if symptoms worsen or persist.
Remember that during a heat wave it is important to take care of yourself and others. always prioritize safety and seek medical help if necessary.