GlobalPrecarious employment increased in Mexico during November

Precarious employment increased in Mexico during November

MEXICO CITY (Apro).- Although unemployment in Mexico was reduced last November, precarious conditions in the labor market increased, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi).

According to the National Occupation and Employment Survey (ENOE), the population employed in informal labor was 31.8 million people and the labor informality rate was 54.7% of the employed population. That is, it increased 0.2 percentage points compared to the penultimate month of 2022.

The population employed in informal labor considers, without duplicating, those who are vulnerable at work due to the nature of the economic unit for which they work.

It also covers people whose employment relationship or dependence is not recognized by their source of employment. Thus, in addition to the population that works in unregistered microbusinesses or in the informal sector, other similar modalities are included, such as those employed on their own account in subsistence agriculture, as well as those who work without social security and whose services They are used by registered economic units.

Underemployed population

For its part, the underemployed population was 4.8 million people, 403 thousand more than in November 2022. On the other hand, the underemployment rate was 8.2% of the employed population, a percentage higher than the 7.6% registered a year before. .

At the national level, in November 2023, the unemployed population reached 1.6 million people, which means an annual reduction of 84 thousand people. The unemployed population represented 2.7% of the Economically Active Population (EAP), that is, 0.2 percentage points less than in the same month of the previous year.

Working population

In November 2023, the employed population reached 58.2 million people.

Of the total number of employed people, 40.3 million (69.2%) operated as workers or subordinate and paid workers when occupying a position or job, which represented an annual increase of 889 thousand people.

In addition, 12.7 million (21.8%) worked independently or on their own, without hiring employees, this is 41 thousand more people compared to November of last year.

For their part, 2.9 million (5.1%) were patrons or employers, a figure that grew by 74 thousand people.

Finally, 2.3 million people (3.9%) worked in businesses or on family plots, that is, they contributed directly to the productive processes, but without an agreement for monetary remuneration.

By sector of activity, the employed population was distributed as follows: services concentrated 25.5 million people (43.9% of the total); commerce, 11.5 million (19.7%); the manufacturing industry, 9.8 million (16.9%).

Agricultural activities, six million (10.4%); construction, 4.5 million (7.7%) and “other economic activities” – which include mining, electricity, water and gas supply – 448 thousand (0.8%). For their part, 365 thousand people (0.6%) did not specify their activity.

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