The author is a columnist.
The old film song ‘मेरे देश की धारती सोना उगली, उगले हीरे-मोती…’ की तर्ज पर कहेन, तो सुनारोन की दरिया, पैडान, कमबल, नालियान, गिलियान अॉर न जाने क्या-क्या सोना उगलती हैन Gold is running out. Not only from the streets, drains and sewers around the goldsmiths’ shops, but from all the things used by them, gold is found in large quantities, although it is not visible. Not only goldsmiths, housewives in general houses wear gold bangles, chains, rings etc. to do household work, but their gold wears away even by constantly rubbing with the body.
Professional craftsmen who collect this flying gold are active in the bullion markets of Delhi, Mumbai, Coimbatore, Meerut, Lucknow, Amritsar, Rajkot, Surat, Kolkata etc. in every city of the country. There are thousands of shops and showrooms of goldsmiths and goldsmiths in all markets including Karol Bagh, Chandni Chowk, Krishna Nagar, Tilak Nagar. Where there is a crowd of jewelery shops, some professional people reach those areas only at 4-5 am. They open the lids of the sewers and enter inside and take out the debris and fill it in plastic bags. These people also come with rope, torch etc. And then, at six o’clock in the evening, the street sweepers arrive one by one and start cleaning with all their might. बरिक से बरिक गुडा is also collected and taken away. Interestingly, neither the Municipal Corporation nor the shopkeepers give any money to these workers, nor do they ask anyone. These are not government employees either. These are called ‘Nyaria’. Their keen eye and grasp are to be admired, who search for countless gold even from debris and rubbish.
It is estimated that there are about two and a half to three thousand Nyaryes in Delhi. Karol Bagh, Chandni Chowk, Krishna Nagar, Nangloi etc. are their strongholds. 45-year-old Nyaria Maqsood of Karol Bagh said, ‘Main and my partner Nyariye start cleaning the streets and sewers of Raigarpura and Bidanpura of Karol Bagh at six in the morning every day. The cleaning campaign continues till around 11 pm. There are only 3-4 places in Karol Bagh. Everyone is engaged in extracting gold from the soil in their own way. After extracting the gold, the rest of the debris is not thrown away, but is kept in abundance. A sack of these is easily sold in two and a half hundred rupees. There is also a different technique for extracting gold from that. Khurja’s teachers are experts in this work.’
On the other hand, both Monu and Bhappi work in partnership with Nyarye. Lives in Osmanpur near Seelampur, Delhi. Both drains and sewers clean gold. According to Monu, ‘Ham both are doing this work for two years. Sometimes even gold ornaments come into contact with drains and sewers. The Municipal Corporation has always appreciated our work, but never offered money or employment.’
How to extract gold from garbage
After talking to the Nyaris, it was found that they cut open and drains inside the sewers with iron spikes and after collecting all the debris, they fill it with sulfuric acid little by little. All metals, including gold, settle down. फिर पारा चुए कर बरिक बारिक बरिक शोने बरे हैन है। Like a magnet attracts iron, gold sticks to mercury. প্র্যা কান্য্য্য্য্যা এচ্যা এচ্যা এচ্যায় এচ্র্য মান্য়্যার্যায়্য ক্র্য ক্র্যায়্ত शेष बच जाता है सोना ही सोना In almost the same way, gold is also extracted from दारी, कबल, पैडान etc.
Sarraf Kanhaiya Lal Verma, an elder of Karol Bagh, said, ‘That’s why goldsmiths call their rubbish not garbage, but ‘Nyara’. In goldsmiths’ shops, every morning and evening, the garbage collected by sweeping is not thrown away in the dustbin. Rather it is kept in a tub. A couple of times a year before Diwali and Holi, professional buyers come and bid on the garbage and buy it. This rubbish is worth a lot of gold.
Nyara and Nyariye
നെര്രം കായാരുക്കു പ്രിയുക്കുക്കുക്കൂടം വെല്യു ന്യിര്യുക്കുക്ക് It is also a great skill to extract gold by cleaning garbage and drains. Since goldsmiths make ornaments only by sitting on the river. That is why the focus of the judges is not on the goldsmiths’ carpets, but on the goldsmiths’ carpets. Making gold ornaments – बनाते कुच न कुच बरिक सोना पर दरी पर गिरी है. Despite the goldsmith’s million efforts like sweeping and sweeping, he doesn’t reach and enters the valley. They come to the goldsmith’s place and give new money instead of the old one. Not only that, goldsmiths’ positions, cushions etc. also change. Many times it does not change for free, above 500-800 rupees is given. 60-year-old Rajendra Kumar of Sadar Bazar’s ancestral work is changing goldsmiths’ doors and mattresses. They say, ‘I learned this skill from my father. I have been working as a cook for 30-35 years. Earlier only our family used to do this in Delhi. मेन बी जाते रहे हैन By the way, there will be two and a half hundred people who will change the street in Delhi today. Today, a new price is about 500 rupees, and a six-month-old goldsmith’s price is about half a gram of gold. Today, half a gram of gold is worth around 3 thousand rupees. More gold comes out of the saws of the jewelers and the artisans of the art of sand. यु अग्य की इक दरी से डो हाजर पैक तक.
Gold also in blankets of goldsmiths
There are around two and a half thousand goldsmiths in Delhi alone. Most of the goldsmiths work at their base and sleep there with blankets in winter. That’s why gold dust keeps falling on their blankets. Most of the gold gets inside the blankets. In search of these blankets, Nyarye keeps going round to goldsmiths’ houses. Nyarye Alam, who was carrying goldsmiths’ old doors on a rickshaw in Karol Bagh, said, ‘Main and my brother Akram come here every day and the goldsmiths take around 50-60 old doors and blankets to their homes. There they are burnt and gold is extracted. This is our family profession. Our grandfather and great grandfather came here from Amroha (हापुड). कम हैक-थाक है, अच्य तो खांदानी को अपने हैये हैन. New blankets and blankets are given and old ones are taken away. Or, bargain and pay the price of the old blanket. It is estimated that usually by burning a blanket, 10 grams of gold is extracted from 10-15 kilos of Nyare. कामबल, दरी या अन्य कैप्रण से सोना निकल्ता है कासी है? Rajendra Kumar said, ‘First of all, the valley is burnt to ashes. Then put the ash in a bucket or tub full of water. After a while Sona sits down. All the gold is caught by adding mercury. Mercury is around Rs 10,000 per kg. There is also a way to save mercury. Sone ke khot शोरे के जेजब में अटेल से उडा जाटे है.’ Jugal Kishor, a nurse who came from Panipat to Delhi, said a few years ago to the extent that the goldsmith, after working, also keeps the water to wash his hands. Because it also sells water. It is said about goldsmiths of rubbing and peeling that once they sit down, they get up in the evening. His one time rise means loss of gold of 500-800 rupees The reason is that the gold bag falls here and there. Despite all the precautions, it was not possible to collect all the gold.
More gold falling from bangles
Goldsmith’s gold is not gold, housewives keep losing gold even by wearing gold ornaments. Sarraf says bangles wear the most. Usually, bangles are worn day-night continuously and their upper design disappears within a year. After bangles comes the number of chains and rings at the rate of gold slipping or falling. The lost gold gets washed away in the trash or drain. Real gold wears more than fake gold. In other words, 24 carat gold is very soft. 23, 22, 18 and 14 carats are made by mixing copper and silver. 23 carat wears faster and more.
तो सोना हार जाचा है – नाली उचर गतर में ही है, fine particles of gold live in earth, ocean, river, trees, plants and even human body. According to World Gold Council’s book ‘Gold Print’, the reason is that it does not burn, does not burn, and does not dissolve. A lot of gold comes back into circulation because of nyariyons. Or where does the gold come from? Nyariye says, ‘How much gold will come out, there is no idea.’
As much gold as steel production every hour
Today the world’s total gold reserves are 1,30,000 tonnes. So much steel is produced every hour. Only one ounce ie 31.1 grams of gold is obtained from the mining of about 17 tonnes of clay. Gold is found more than four kilometers below the surface of the earth. According to the data of the World Gold Council, there are about 13000 tons of gold in India. Roughly, 75 percent of gold is used in jewelry. In this way the country absorbs tons of gold. Every year 3000 tons of gold are traded in the world bullion market. குத்து கா காரு கார்கு கானை கானை A quarter of gold is made available by the Bank by selling its gold stock. अर बाकी अक्टर शोना कर गला कर काम में काम में काम में गला गला सोना. Consider the gold that came out of drains, sewers, garbage, holes, blankets, carpets, etc. as one-fourth of this gold.