ARGENTINA.- The Argentine economist, Javier Milei, He defeated the official candidate, the Minister of Economy, Sergio Massa, by almost 12 points, which represents “a very strong shock for the government of Alberto Fernández that opens up a very great uncertainty in economic matters,” according to the director of Página 12 , Agustín Gulman, in an interview for W Radio.
“The overwhelming vote against Peronism was given by the Argentines, a leap into the void in the middle of a very complex crisis,” indicates the journalist.
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Gulman explains that one of the factors that led Argentina to vote for the extreme right that is represented by Milei was anger with the government over the country’s economic situation, with inflation above 40 percent.
“Why else would a president win who appears improvised and unstable, who shouts, who is violent, and not a more serious man like Sergio Maza, a political professional? The right wing is emerging with violent and authoritarian traits,” she points out.
THE KEYS TO THE ELECTION
Through his social networks, the Argentine academic, teacher, political scientist and researcher, Mario Riorda, shared a thread in which he explains the most determining points of the election that Argentina experienced on November 19.
1. Argentina is entering a serious “reset” process, full of uncertainty, of course.
2. Anger was greater than fear in this electoral process.
3. The discomfort was noticeable: against the course of the country, from the pain of the micro adjustment strategies of each citizen in the face of inflation, from the fatigue with the political system.
4. There was no electoral fraud in Argentina. Important news. Yes, there were tricks, mischief, and particular irregularities, but not orchestrated fraud.
5. The blank vote was not the protagonist.
6. The expectations with the winner, Milei, are huge. Especially because it was not clear what she wants to do and what she can do.
7. The debates have a very modest impact. I’m not saying null, but very discreet. Once again it was proven.
8. Corporate support (parties, organizations, and media) has a very modest impact. I’m not saying null, but very discreet. Support for the ruling party yielded little electorally.
9. There was a vote of ideological sentiment, very against identity (anti-K), very far to the right. However, in anger, many Milei voters do not know exactly what kind of policies they voted for.
10. The economic vote against the current situation was also valid.
11. A true break was confirmed in the party system that had already been literally broken since the provincial elections. Now begins a new stage in representation.
12. The fact that Peronism is no longer the guarantor of governability in public opinion (a firefighter of crises) was confirmed. In fact, much of his candidate’s vote was a vote in defense of rights and democracy, rather than a Peronist vote.
13. Peronism enters the boxes. At a minimum, you should discuss what you stand for and your leadership style. He did not achieve explicit alliances with other forces in this campaign.
14. Massa was a better candidate than an official.
15. Macri, being the worst political image in the country before the election, was a clear winner with his bet on Milei.
16. The official strategy was multi-stage, good, but it did not understand the central strip of the country (and it is not the first time that this has happened in the Peronist ruling party). Likewise, Massa’s ambition did not contemplate internal electoral engineering strategies.
17. Milei’s strategy was a whirlwind, erratic at many times, disorderly, but effective and agglutinating the unrest. People paid with their vote to enter a new show with Milei as the protagonist.
18. The campaigns were a perfect act of mass misinformation.
19. The campaigns did not vary so much the pro and anti support over the months, beyond the polarity of the runoff and the variations when there were more spaces fighting.
20. How is the Milei-Macri alliance going to be institutionalized? Don’t know. Perhaps it is a government alliance rather than party politics.
21. Many parties will have strong debates and processes of tension or internal speculation.
22. The media had little influence on the campaign.
THE ‘NEW ARGENTINA’
During the campaign, the economist promised to cut public spending and taxes, close the Central Bank of Argentina and dollarize in terms of numbers. Other controversial proposals that the president-elect has are the prohibition of abortion, making gun laws more lax and only forming alliances with nations that want to combat socialism.
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“Today the end of Argentine decline begins,” said Javier Milei in his victory speech, in which he also offered the possibility of integration into his project.
“I want to tell all Argentines and all political leaders that all those who want to join the new Argentina will be welcome,” he mentioned.