GlobalThe fight for the presidential seat takes shape; succession (1923-1924)

The fight for the presidential seat takes shape; succession (1923-1924)

The country was going through moments of uncertainty due to various political and social movements. A conflict between railroad workers who refused to transport propagandist members due to insecurity on the railroad tracks had an impact on the development of proselytizing campaigns.

An alleged attempted uprising against the government in the north was denied by the President of the Republic himself. In the midst of the turmoil, electoral activities continued and the most popular candidates signed up to participate in the race.

Supported mainly by the Mexican Labor Party, the Sonoran general with great political skills, gained prestige for his participation in the main battles in the north against the Villista armies during the bloodiest moments of the revolutionary armed struggle.

Seen as the candidate of the ruling party, due to his closeness to Obregonism, he had served as Secretary of the Interior for three years until his resignation in September 1923 with the intention of becoming a presidential contender.

During his campaign in different entities throughout the country, the Sonoran politician promised to defend the agrarian laws; continue with the policies imposed by the Obregón government; integrate different social classes, as well as maintain good diplomatic relations abroad.

Also a musician by profession, he actively participated in the emerging forces of the revolution alongside the Maderista side. He soon established himself as a figure in the so-called Sonoran triumvirate along with Obregón and Calles, who won victory in the armed conflict.

After having held various positions in the Public Administration, he was elected interim president of the Republic in May 1920; His brief mandate ended in December of the same year, giving way to Obregón, who established himself as the first constitutional president.

As transition president he was a fundamental piece in the performance of leader Francisco Villa. Thanks to his mediation, the military leader laid down his arms after having led one of the most intense movements in the north. Already in 1924, he joined Obregón’s cabinet by taking charge of the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit, which he abandoned for the sake of his presidential aspirations.

Championed by the National Cooperatist Party, De la Huerta was officially proclaimed as a presidential candidate during the party convention held on October 22, 1923. His name emerged strongly to confront Calles’ candidacy.

Born in Navolato, Sinaloa, General Flores joined the ranks of Maderismo since 1910. Later, he formed his own troops with which he fought Victoriano Huerta and later joined the constitutionalist movement of Venustiano Carranza.

Its military forces joined forces with the Sinaloan resistance against the Villistas. In 1920 he became governor of Sinaloa, from where he raised his hand to become a contender in the elections. The general accepted his nomination on September 26, 1923 through a speech addressed to his supporters.

Supported by various political and social groups, Flores’ presence represented another option of opposition to the candidacies of Calles and De la Huerta, with which he sought to fight at the polls. From the beginning, he emphasized his position of working with “everything good that the revolution has brought.”

Although other names were emerging such as Roque Estrada, Raúl Madero, José Vasconcelos or Pascual Ortiz Rubio, with Flores’ nomination the shortlist of leading candidates was completed in the dizzying following months.

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